**Fellow student (and weekend strong man competitor) downs a suspicious looking jar of whitish yellow goo in a few giant gulps.**
Student #2: Dude, what was that?!
Student 1: 4 raw eggs and raw goat milk.
Student #2: Um, Salmonella… Heard of it?
Certainly, an MD/MPH would be a great choice, but not a requirement for working in third world countries.
As I mentioned before, Tulane is the only school I know of that has a combined MD/MPH that focuses specifically on Tropical Medicine.
I don’t know of any clinical tropical medicine fellowships (time after residency) off hand, but I’m sure they’re out there. The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene offers some research fellowships, though. Also, many residency programs (in ER, IM, FP especially) will offer tropical medicine or global health elective courses. Those would be short (2 weeks-2 months), but would be better than nothin.
The ASTMH offers a travelling fellowship in tropical medicine for medical students. It looks competitive, but super awesome. Check out their website. It has lots of useful info. And you can become a student member when you’re in med school so you can stay updated on the world of Tropical Medicine.
If you were really interested in infectious disease, you could do an ID fellowship after an internal medicine residency. But that’s a lot of years and a lot of debt racked up before going to work in the third world, so keep that in mind. Personally, I’m taking the shortest route—a family medicine residency program that offers a global health elective. I won’t be an expert by any means, but I’ll at least get my feet wet. And really and truly, 2 years of ID/TM research isn’t going to teach you how to treat AIDS in Africa or TB in India, you know?
GREAT Question. I’ve been meaning to make a post about this stuff for a while.
Most people I know who are going into medical missions are either doing Family Medicine (with an optional extra year of OB) or general surgery. There are a few others doing OB, Peds, and Internal Medicine too. Family medicine and General surgery can be extremely useful because of their broad nature. If you plan on doing career missions, it’s a good idea to do something broad so you can be of the most help to the community you work in.
That’s not to say there’s not room for specialists, though, especially if you are thinking more toward short-term missions. Lots of specialists will do 2 week - month long trips and see huge numbers of patients who need specialty care.
Tropical Medicine would be something you would have to focus on more in residency. I’m sure some schools have stronger infectious disease curricula than others, though. Tulane University in New Orleans has a Tropical Medicine program that is supposed to be really good, and they offer an MD/MPH&TM (Master’s of Public Health and Tropical Medicine) combined degree program. Of course, you could also go the Internal Medicine / Infectious Disease route if you wanted to focus just on that.
As for residency programs, I did a good bit of research on family medicine programs that were missions-friendly. Below is a list of my favorite ones (these are all distinctly Christian and are all excellent programs), and you can check out a complete list of family medicine programs that offer international rotations here.
Christ Community Family Medicine/UT St. Francis - Memphis, TN
In His Image Family Medicine - Tulsa, OK
Via Christi Family Medicine - Wichita, Kansas
Valley Baptist - Harlingen, TX
DISCLAIMER: Below is my opinion of homeopathic “medicine”. It is an opinion. I am a student in allopathic medicine, so you can probably guess that I believe in medicines that have been tested extensively rather than medicines that someone’s uncle said helped them feel better. I am not here to argue with anyone over the merits or possible benefits of homeopathic remedies, so please don’t start. This is an anonymous internet rant about people who take chances with their own health and safety rather than trust the miracles of modern medicine.
When I was in India in 2009, I stayed in a hut in the Himalayas (yes, for reals) for my first 2 weeks with a missionary family. They had another girl staying with them who had come a week or two before me. This chick was an extreme homeschooler from West Virginia (maybe regular Virginia) studying midwifery who ONLY took homeopathic remedies. The only vaccine she had taken in her whole life was the yellow fever shot REQUIRED for entry into India.
The day after I arrived she got dysentery. The family we were staying with had a very good water filtration system, but sometimes things slip through the cracks. Most likely she had brushed her teeth with water that hadn’t been filtered yet. It’s also possible she got it from drinking raw buffalo milk even after being warned not to (because she drinks raw goat milk all the time at home, duh!). Anyway, she got diarrhea somethin fierce.
My doctor had prescribed me enough Cipro to get through 2 bouts of dysentery. She did this on purpose in case anyone else on my trip needed it and didn’t have any of their own (smart lady). So I offered the girl my Cipro. She refused it, saying she would just take her Grapefruit seed extract and a few cloves of garlic. I argued with her, saying that her homeopathic stuff might have worked for her in the US, but these were germs her body hadn’t seen before. I mean, would you want to get extremely dehydrated and super sick if you were 4 hours up a mountain from civilization with no electricity, phone, or clean water? Seems to me that a reasonable person would go with the Cipro in such a situation.
Developing bronchitis and keeping my cough at bay with lemongrass green tea.
Add “Infectious Disease Rotation” to the list of times a med student is guaranteed to get sick.
Apparently I’m the go-to blog for herpes questions. What’s up with that? Anyway, I got this question recently, and I wanted to answer it publicly but take the questioner’s name off for their privacy.
This may sound silly, but if you have herpes labialis, can you still become a doctor?
Of course you can! Before I started med school, my school required every incoming student to have a physical (ugh). Your doctor had to fill out some paperwork saying that you didn’t have any disease or disability that would prevent you from working with patients.
I don’t know much about this, but I think the list of disabilities that can keep you from being a doctor is pretty short. Mainly it would include things like end-stage diseases, extensive sensory or cognitive impairment (like being blind and deaf), and easily communicable diseases like active TB. But herpes definitely won’t keep you from being a doctor. If so, 90% of people wouldn’t be eligible to be a doctor. You shouldn’t be kissing, having sex with, or sharing needles with your patients, so the probability of you passing something along to a patient are very slim.
I know two doctors who are missing limbs and one who is an achodroplastic dwarf. I know a doctor who found out he had cancer during medical school (and responded well to treatment and didn’t even have to delay graduating). I know a doctor with Hepatitis C and I know of a pharmacist with HIV. Now some blood-borne diseases may prevent you from doing procedures where you have the potential of sticking or cutting yourself, but I don’t think it would prevent you from doing non-surgical specialties.
Does anyone know more specifics about the medical restrictions that could keep you out of med school?
I never get sick. Really. Like hardly ever. I got sick plenty as a little kid and I think I got it all out of my system, because now I may get one cold a year, if any, and it lasts like 2 days. But stress weakens your immune system. Couple that with exposure to nasty bugs in the hospital, and you get sick med students. There are 4 times during medical school that a student is pretty much guaranteed to get sick.
1. The week of your big immunology test. It has to be a mind-body thing. All that reading about infections and T cells and B cells and such primes the body for a cold. In my case, it was the Host Defense phase (immunology and micro) test. My roommate got sick twice in that 6 week phase. I’m fairly certain my entire class of 60ish people had something green coming out of their head that week. The sniffling during the test was out of control. It’s like you’re reading and thinking, “dang, my body is pretty cool. Look at all its defenses! I’m indestructible!” And then the little green Mucinex goblins start giggling.
2. During board study. Specifically Step 1 study. I never got the full out head cold or flu, but I had the weakness and malaise known as The Funk for about 2 weeks.
3. December of your third year. All those COPDers coming in hacking up green sputum… some of it is bound to make its way to your respiratory tract. I got bronchitis last December, and it was gross.
4. During your pediatrics rotation. Well, maybe you’ll have Peds during December and will kill 2 birds with one stone. Those little anklebiters bring in their RSV, Mycoplasma, influenza, and other assorted viruses and bugs and just shmear them all over the door handles, your stethoscope, and your white coat sleeves. Good luck not getting sick on peds.
I’m halfway through 4th year and I’ve decided that it’s impossible to get sick during your 4th year of medical school. It’s too perfect of a thing. Fourth year is like:
all the time.
Getting sick would totally ruin the wondrous thing that is 4th year, right?
I can’t legally give medical advice (because I’m not an MD yet, and because it’s the internet), but since you’re just asking for general information, I think I can probably answer this.
Are you sure you have HSV 1? Generally speaking, HSV 1 causes cold sores, and HSV 2 causes genital lesions. But HSV 1 can cause genital lesions too (actually, it can cause lesions almost anywhere on the skin if the virus contacts open skin… google “Herpetic Whitlow”). It’s usually contracted by oral/genital contact.
The way herpes works is that the virus goes latent in or near a nerve. So when you have recurring outbreaks, they happen in the same place as the original outbreak along the nerve where the virus was dormant (like people with cold sores usually get them on the same side of the face every time). So if you have genital herpes alone, the outbreaks will stay in that area.
Yes, you can still contract it orally (because that would mean you inocculated a new nerve with the virus). And you can still contract HSV 2 even with genital HSV-1. So please protect yourself.
If you have HSV-1 orally and genitally, it is likely that recurrences will be more frequent orally because the virus has a tropism for oral mucosa over genital.